The Frozen North in Visual Culture, 1818-1875
- PUBLISHED: October 2007
- SUBJECT LISTING: Visual Studies, Art History
- BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: 272 Pages, 7 x 10 in, 32 illus.t., 15 in color
- ISBN: 9780295986791
When every land seems already explored, and space travel has declined in scope and prestige, the northern exploits of our Victorian forebears offers a pleasantly distant mirror from which to regard our own time. The Arctic regions have been the subject of a long-lasting visual fascination, one which has from the outset crossed boundaries between fine art and mass entertainment, "high" and "low" cultures, and even national identity. In the mid-nineteenth century, this polar passion reached a peak, dominating the visual culture of both Britain and America, and yet its history is scarcely known.
Arctic Spectacles: The Frozen North on Visual Culture, 1818-1875 illuminates the nineteenth-century fascination with visual representations of the Arctic, weaving together a narrative of the major Arctic expeditions with an account of their public reception through art and mass media. In a century that saw every corner of the globe slowly open to the examining eye of Western science, it was the Arctic - remote, mysterious, untamable - that most captured the imagination of artists and the public alike. Its impact could be seen in a range of visual media from fine art to panoramas, engravings, magic lantern slides, and photographs, as well as hybrid forms of entertainment in which Inuit were "exhibited" alongside a cabinet of assorted Arctic curiosities while Western gentlemen looked on.
In a lively and accessible style, Russell Potter traces the story of the long, drawn-out exploration of the Northwest Passage and the beginnings of the push toward the North Pole, each new expedition producing its own artistic response. While early visual representations focused on the natural wonders of a world of magical beauty and purity, later responses would darken, as the public struggled to come to terms with the human toll of Arctic exploration: lives lost, reports of cannibalism, and a sense of purpose gone asunder. Drawing from letters, diaries, cartoons, and sketches, as well as oft-overlooked ephemera such as newspaper advertisements, playbills, and program booklets, Potter shows how representations of the Arctic in visual culture expressed the fascination, dread, and wonder that the region inspired, and continues to inspire today.
Authors & Contributors
Russell A. Potter is professor of English at Rhode Island College. For more information go to http://www.arcticspectacles.info/
Introduction: Visuality and the Arctic Regions
A Foretaste of Those Icy Climes: Britain's Arctic Circles
The Awful Aspect of the Scene: Arctic Panoramas and the Northern Sublime
The Killing Glitter of the Stars: Spectacles of the Search for Franklin
Things Dimly Shadowed Forth: Picturing the "Last Dread Alternative"
The Arctic Panoramas of Elisha Kent Kane
Testing the Region of the Ice-bound Soul: Private Drama and Public Spectacle
A Late and Sad Discovery: Death and the Arctic Sublime
Curiosities of Unusual Interest: The Arctic Shows of Charles Francis Hall
A Most Weird and Beautiful Picture: Church's Visions of the Arctic Regions, 1860-1864
The Photographic Artist: William Bradford and the Close of the Panoramic Era
Epilogue: New Media, New Horizons
Appendix: Arctic Shows and Entertainments, 1819-1896: An Annotated Chronological Checklist
Russell Potter does an excellent job of describing and analyzing public enthusiasm for visual representation of the Arctic . . . he connects the successes, tribulations, and failures of explorers with accounts of how . . . presentations . . . were imagined, assembled, promoted, and received.- Jeffrey Mifflin, Early Popular Visual Culture
."One of the most notable features of Arctic Spectacles is its emphasis on the transatlantic culture of entertainment as far as stories about exploration were concerned. National myths and obsessions certainly abound and are here demonstrated in accounts of the expeditions of John Ross, Elisha Kent Kane, and many others . .- Victorian Studies
This is a scholarly, extremely well-written book . . . . [that] is pleasing to the eye in many senses . . . . In addition to being a fascinating contribution to the study of the history of arctic exploration, the book is a welcome addition to the study of images, whether literal or metaphorical, and should be enjoyed by all those interested in the Arctic, or 'The Frozen North.' .- Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research
In Potter's capable hands, the relationships between public art, exhibit technology, and the lure of gaining hegemony over northern landscapes are woven together compellingly, suggesting that realistic art played an important role in the history of the Arctic.- Pacific Historical Review
Potters fine study—the work of over a decade's research and collecting—forcefully shows how the Arctic imagination in the nineteenth century was constructed through a visual vocabulary sourced in the aesthetic of the sublime, but directed also, under the pressure of historical events, towards melodrama, horror, sensationalism, and voyeuristic curiosity.- Journal of Popular Culture
It is the evolution of Arctic imagery that Russell Potter traces in a narrative tinged with an artistic bent and the literary skills of the English professor that he is. . . . Both the casual reader and the scholar will find Arctic Spectacles revealing and thought-provoking.- Alaska History
A well-written book that fills a little-known area in studies of both Victorian culture and Arctic history. Recommended.- Choice
Russell Potter traces the story of the long, drawn-out exploration of the Northwest Passage and the early quest to reach the North Pole. Potter paints the visual pictures of the Arctic by gathering letters, diaries, cartoons, sketches, and even playbills and newspaper articles to show the Arctic in all of its beauty and savage glory. He uses full-color plates of the era to create a visual history of the mysterious, untamable frozen North. He has created a work that is conceptually unique in its handling of the polar passion to explore the nineteenth century Arctic.- Barbara Bertoldo, The American Association of School Librarians, 2008
Potter closely analyzes the range of this peculiarly Victorian fascination, covering the complete range of literary and visual efforts…works that focused on sensational death above all, and the relatively few works that captured the beauty of the arctic apart from the misunderstandings and myths. The illustrations here are especially well-chosen, so much so that readers may need to put on a sweater.- Book News