Reassessing the Park Chung Hee Era, 1961-1979
Development, Political Thought, Democracy, and Cultural Influence
- PUBLISHED: August 2015
- SUBJECT LISTING: Asian Studies / Korea, History
- BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: 350 Pages, 6 x 9 in, 3 illus.
- SERIES: Center For Korea Studies Publications
- ISBN: 9780295997339
- Publisher: University of Washington Press
The Republic of Korea achieved a double revolution in the second half of the twentieth century. In just over three decades, South Korea transformed itself from an underdeveloped, agrarian country into an affluent, industrialized one. At the same time, democracy replaced a long series of military authoritarian regimes. These historic changes began under President Park Chung Hee, who seized power through a military coup in 1961 and ruled South Korea until his assassination on October 26, 1979. While the state's dominant role in South Korea's rapid industrialization is widely accepted, the degree to which Park was personally responsible for changing the national character remains hotly debated. This book examines the rationale and ideals behind Park's philosophy of national development in order to evaluate the degree to which the national character and moral values were reconstructed.
Authors & Contributors
Hyung-A Kim is associate professor of Korean politics at the Australian National University, and author of Korea's Development under Park Chung Hee: Rapid Industrialization, 1961-1979. Clark W. Sorensen is director of the Center for Korean Studies, University of Washington, and author of Over the Mountains Are Mountains: Korean Peasant Households and Their Adaptations to Rapid Industrialization. The other contributors are Myung-Koo Kang, Young-Jak Kim, Tadashi Kimiya, Hagen Koo, Gaven McCormack, Nak-Ch'ong Paik, James B. Palais, and Seok-Man Yoon.
Preface List of Illustrations Introduction / Hyung-A Kim and Clark W. Sorensen Part One | Development 1. Heavy and Chemical Industrialization, 1973-1979: South Korea’s Homeland Security Measures / Hyung A-Kim 2. POSCO: Building an Institution / Seok-Man Yoon 3. The Cold War and the Political Economy of the Park Chung Hee Regime / Tadashi Kimiya SPECIAL ESSAY 4. How to Think about the Park Chung Hee Era / Nak-Chung Paik Part Two | Political Thought, Democracy, and Labor 5. Park Chung Hee’s Governing Ideas: Impact on National Consciousness and Identity / Young Jak Kim 6. Democracy in South Korea: An Optimistic View of ROK Democratic Development / James B. Palais 7. Labor Policy and Labor Relations during the Park Chung Hee Era / Hagen Koo Part Three | Cultural Influence and Civil Society 8. Rural Modernization under the Park Regime in the 1960s / Clark W. Sorensen 9. Compressed Modernization and the Formation of a Developmentalist Mentalite / Myungkoo Kang 10. The Park Chung Hee Era nad the Genesis of Trans-Border Civil Society in East Asia / Gavan McCormack Bibliography Contributors Index
"Wider in perspective... Kim and Sorensen's book includes contributions by historians, an anthropologist, a literary critic and even a former CEO of POSCO... [and] chapters on the labor movement and rural society, and... popular mentalities under...'compressed modernization.'."- Charles K. Armstrong, Global Asia
"The merely curious will find that Reassessing the Park Chung Hee Era tells the basic history of Park's nearly eighteen years as president... whereas serious scholars of Korean history will find the variety of interpretation, extensive bibliographic notes, and transliterations... a springboard for further study."- Nathan Hoskinson, Asian Affairs
"Overall, it provides a rich source of information on a variety of issues that are well explored. It can be used by students and scholars to simply understand the economic and political dynamics of South Korea during an authoritarian time, and can also be put in a comparative perspective with other Asian countries that went through similar political and economic developmental processes.""- Sooh-Rhee Ryu, Asian Studies Review